Neonates born through meconium stained amniotic fluid,2-3% of them develop Meconium Aspiration Syndrome. Out of them,5-10% of them develop complications. Meconium Aspiration is typically seen in post-mature, small for date infants or a term infant with intrauterine hypoxia and in babies born with birth weight more than 2500gm.The objective is to study the complications of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome and their outcome in relation to gestational age and birth weight. Methodology: It is an prospective observational study was carried out in NICU of tertiary care centre and included 32 cases of Meconium aspiration syndrome. Study was done in a period of 14 months in and around Ahmednagar district. Result: The complications are Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE), Seizures, Septicaemia, Pneumonia, Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension(PPHN), Airleak. Outcome of meconium aspiration syndrome in relation to gestational age is maximum death of 56.25% occurred in term babies which were 18.Outcome of meconium aspiration syndrome in relation to birth weight is maximum death of 53.12% occurred in neonates weighing between 2.5 to 3.5 kg which were 17. Conclusion: Meconium aspiration syndrome is seen in the new born period and contributes significantly to the neonatal morbidity and mortality. Severe Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy being most common complication and birth asphyxia being most common cause of death.
Bezboruah G, Charaborty A.A Study of Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome in Newborn admitted in Gauhati Medical College. Scholars Journal of applied Medical sciences 2016;4(10A):3553-6.
Burris H. Meconium Aspiration Syndrome: Cloherty JP, Eichenwald EC, Hansen AR, Manual of neonatal Care Ed. 7th Edition.2019:429-34.
Klinger MS. Meconium Aspiration Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Prevention. Journal of American Board of Family Practise.2010;12(6):450-66.
Ambalavanan N. Meconium Aspiration, Nelson Textbook of Paediatrics.20thedition.Philadelphia:Saundres 2016;1:590-91.
Chakraborty A.A Study of Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome in Newborn Admitted in NICU of Gauhati Medical college and Hospital.Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences 2016;4(10A):3553-6.
Columa R. Meconium Aspiration Syndrome: Cloherty JP, Eichenwald EC, Hansen AR, Manual of neonatal Care Ed. 7th Edition.2019:429-34.
Carbine DN. Meconium Aspiration. Paediatric Respiratory Review.2008;29:212-13.
Narang A, Nair P.M.C, Vaishisht. Management of Meconium Stained Amniotic Fluid: Indian Paediatrics.2006;30:9-13.
Katz V.L. Meconium Aspiration Syndrome :reflections on a murky subject. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol.2000;166:171-83.
Deepak Louis, Vekataseshan Sundaram. Predictor of Mortality in Neonates with Meconium Aspiration Syndrome. Indian Pediatrics Journal Volume 51.2014;637-640.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2020 Array